Methods for Characterizing Neighborhoods

Principal Investigator:
Scarlett Lin Gomez, Ph.D., Esther M. John, Ph.D., Salma Shariff-Marco, Ph.D., David O. Nelson, Ph.D.
Funding Source:
National Cancer Institute
Funding Period:
Study Website:
Neighborhood Archetypes 

Increasingly, neighborhood characteristics (e.g., food environment, socioeconomic status, walkability) are being studied to better understand how they influence health; however, capturing these complex and dynamic features that are likely to interact in shaping health is challenging.  This project is developing ways to classify neighborhoods in California into specific types based on a comprehensive suite of social and built environment attributes.  We will develop archetypes for 2000 and 2010 census tracts and block groups in California.  This project will also investigate how these types of neighborhoods are associated with breast and prostate cancer mortality, informing which neighborhood attributes are health promoting or detrimental to survival after cancer diagnosis.

CPIC Investigator(s): Salma Shariff-Marco, Ph.D. (Principal Investigator), Scarlett Lin Gomez,
Ph.D., David O. Nelson, Ph.D.

Other Investigator(s):
Margaret Weden, Ph.D. (RAND)

Funding: National Cancer Institute

Virtual Neighborhood Audits with Google Street View

This is a pilot study to develop a virtual neighborhood audit tool and protocol to characterize block groups using a Google Street View imagery for a random sample of up to 20 street segments.  In particular, we are interested in capturing the quality of neighborhoods that are not available in secondary datasets such as the Census, American Community Survey and other data resources that provide presence/absence of resources.  We will develop a tool that measures aesthetics, disorder, decay and other aspects of the neighborhood, expanding the neighborhood attributes available for future studies on place and health.

CPIC Investigator(s): Salma Shariff-Marco, Ph.D. (Principal Investigator), Scarlett Lin Gomez,

Other Investigator(s): 
Abby King, Ph.D. (Stanford)

Funding:  Stanford Spectrum Research Center


© Cancer Prevention Institute of California